Obama/Hillary Zika Virus Shrinks Men’s Testicles

 

“The ZIKA CRISIS is due to Obama and Hillary’s scheme to flood the USA with illegal aliens in order to rig the voter polls…” -InfoWars

Zika may cause men’s testicles to SHRINK by up to 90 per cent and permanently reduce fertility, medical researchers warn

  • ZIKA infection could cause lasting infertility in men, experts in the US warn
  • Doctors found infection in mice caused their testicles to shrink by 90%
  • If findings apply to humans, it could spark an infertility epidemic caused be the disease, experts say

ZIKA infection could cause lasting infertility and lead to men’s testicles shrinking, medical researchers warn.

Doctors warn that if the ‘dramatic’ findings, in mice, apply to humans it could lead to an epidemic of infertility caused by the disease.

It is not yet known whether the 90 per cent shrinkage in mice would apply to humans – but doctors believe at the very least the virus is likely to reduce sperm counts and testosterone levels in affected men.

ZIKA infection could cause lasting infertility and lead to men's testicles shrinking, medical researchers warn (stock image)

ZIKA infection could cause lasting infertility and lead to men’s testicles shrinking, medical researchers warn (stock image)

The virus is already known to leads to shrunken heads in babies whose mothers catch the infection, which is carried in tropical countries and has recently been found in the tourist hotspot of Florida.

The virus has the unusual ability to cross the barrier that separates the male reproductive organs from the blood stream.

Michael Diamond, of Washington University School of Medicine said: ‘We undertook this study to understand the consequences of Zika virus infection in males.

‘While our study was in mice -and with the caveat that we don’t yet know whether Zika has the same effect in men – it does suggest that men might face low testosterone levels and low sperm counts after Zika infection, affecting their infertility.’

The virus was already known to persist in semen for months – but it was not known what impact this could have on an infected man.

Research published in Nature Genetics, Professor Diamond and colleagues infected mice with Zika.

After two weeks the testicles had shrunken significantly, their ‘internal structure collapsing’ with many dead or dying cells, the researchers said.

And after three weeks, the mices’ testicles had shrunk to a tenth of their normal size.

Their testicles did not heal even after six weeks, when the virus had cleared from their bodies.

 Doctors warn that if the 'dramatic' findings, in mice, apply to humans it could lead to an epidemic of infertility caused by the disease

 Doctors warn that if the ‘dramatic’ findings, in mice, apply to humans it could lead to an epidemic of infertility caused by the disease

Professor Diamond said: ‘We don’t know for certain if the damage is irreversible, but I expect so, because the cells that hold the internal structure in place have been infected and destroyed.’

The Zika virus was found to attack Sertoli cells, which do not regenerate, and which nourish growing sperm cells.

Infected mice were four times less likely to get a female mouse pregnant, their sperm numbers fell tenfold, and their testosterone levels were very low.

Co-author Kelle Moley said: ‘This is the only virus I know of that causes such severe symptoms of infertility. There are very few microbes that can cross the barrier that seprates the testes from the bloodstream to infect the testes directly.

Because the study of Zika is relatively new, no studies have been published linking infertility to men with Zika.

‘People often don’t find out they’re infertile until they try to have children, and that could be years or decades after infection.

‘I think it is more likely doctors will start seeing men with symptoms of low testosterone, and they will work backward to make the connection to Zika.’

It is not yet known whether the 90 per cent shrinkage in mice would apply to humans – but doctors believe at the very least the virus will reduce sperm counts and testosterone levels in affected men (file picture)

It is not yet known whether the 90 per cent shrinkage in mice would apply to humans – but doctors believe at the very least the virus will reduce sperm counts and testosterone levels in affected men (file picture)

The effects of low testosterone, which can be diagnosed with a simple blood test, include low sex drive, erectile dysfunction, fatigue and loss of body hair and muscle.

‘If testosterone levels drop in men like they did in the mice, I think we’ll start to see men coming forward saying, ‘I don’t feel like myself,’ and we’ll find out about it that way.

‘You might also ask ‘Wouldn’t a man notice if his testicles shrank?’ Well, probably.

But we don’t really know how the severity in men might compare with the severity in mice. I assume that something is happening to the testes of men, but whether it’s as dramatic as in the mice is hard to say.’

As of 26 October 2016, there have been 244 diagnosed cases of Zika caught by travellers returning home to the UK since 2015.

British experts not involved in the research said the findings may mean humans could be affected.

Dr Peter Barlow, British Society for Immunology spokesperson and Reader in Immunology & Infection at Edinburgh Napier University said: ‘While it is currently unclear if Zika virus infection would cause reduced testes size and fertility in man, this study does raise concerns that Zika virus could potentially have direct effects on male fertility. Therefore, more work is needed to determine if these observations in mice would translate to men.’

Dr Derek Gatherer, Lecturer in the Division of Biomedical and Life Sciences, Lancaster University, said: ‘It’s been known for a while that Zika virus in men can find its way into the reproductive organs and may then go on to be sexually transmitted, but this study in mice is the first suggestion that this passage through the reproductive tract may actually be damaging.’

Prof Richard Sharpe, Honorary Professor, MRC Centre for Reproductive Health, and expert in male reproductive health, University of Edinburgh, said there were already anecdotal reports of testicular and groin pain in infected men, but some virus effects could be ‘species specific’.

But he said: ‘the reality is that we do not know yet if effects shown here in the mouse can or will occur in humans.’

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NSA Hackers The Shadow Brokers Dump More Files

NSA Hackers The Shadow Brokers Dump More Files

Written by

Joseph Cox

Contributor

October 31, 2016 // 09:00 AM EST

 

Photo: sharpshutter

The hacker or hackers calling themselves The Shadow Brokers, who have previously released NSA hacking tools for anyone to download, published more files on Monday.

This latest release comes while Hal Martin, an NSA contractor and, according to The Washington Post, the prime suspect in The Shadow Brokers case sits in detention after being arrested for allegedly stealing swaths of classified material.

“TheShadowBrokers is having special trick or treat for Amerikanskis tonight,” a message from the hackers posted to Medium reads. The message is signed with the same PGP key used to sign several previous posts, including the group’s original announcement that came with links to a slew of NSA exploits.

As for the files, The Shadow Brokers claim they reveal IP addresses linked to the Equation Group, a hacking unit widely believed to be tied to the NSA.

“This is being equation group pitchimpair (redirector) keys, many missions into your network is/was coming from these ip addresses,” The Shadow Brokers’ post continues.

It’s the same key.

The dump contains some 300 folders of files, all corresponding to different domains and IP addresses. Domains from Russia, China, India, Sweden, and many other countries are included. According to an analysis by the security researcher known as Hacker Fantastic, the dump contains 306 domains and 352 IP addresses relating to 49 countries in total.

If accurate, victims of the Equation Group may be able to use these files to determine if they were potentially targeted by the NSA-linked unit. The IP addresses may relate to servers the NSA has compromised and then used to deliver exploits, according to security researcher Mustafa Al-Bassam.

“So even the NSA hacks machines from compromised servers in China and Russia. This is why attribution is hard,” Al-Bassam tweeted on Monday.

Read more: The NSA Data Leakers Might Be Faking Their Awful English to Deceive Us

With the problem of attribution in mind, more work will need to be done to truly validate the contents of the dump.

“A more detailed analysis might well prove that this is from the organisations they claim it to be from, but of course it still doesn’t prove, beyond a reasonable doubt, that it was NSA (or for that matter anyone else),” Alan Woodward, visiting professor at the University of Surrey, told Motherboard in a Twitter message.

The National Security Agency did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

The Shadow Brokers first emerged in August, when they dumped a selection of NSA exploits and hacking tools onto Github and other websites. Many of the tools targeted hardware firewalls—devices used to filter traffic in corporate and government networks, and to keep out attackers, including from brands such as Cisco, Huawei, and Fortinet.

The hackers claimed they would release more files to the winner of an online auction, or, if they received a total of one million bitcoin, they would release the rest of the files publicly. In October, however, The Shadow Brokers claimed the auction had been called off entirely. The password for the latest set of files is “payus.”

The new message goes on to complain about an apparent lack of media attention on The Shadow Broker’s escapades, in the group’s characteristic, and perhaps forced, broken English.

“Is ABC, NBC, CBS, FOX negligent in duties of informing Amerikanskis? Guessing ‘Free Press’ is not being ‘Free as in free beer’ or ‘Free as in free of government influence?’” it reads. The Shadow Brokers did not respond to a request for additional comment.

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Coming Soon: 775,000 CIA Papers

Coming Soon: 775,000 CIA Papers From CREST

 

Releasing the records

A bit less than a year ago, I embarked on a quest to get a copy of the millions of pages of CIA documents stored on CREST, the CIA Records Search Tool. The CREST database was technically publicly available, in the sense that anyone could theoretically use the four computers located in the back of a library that (for budgetary reasons) lacks a librarian for half of the day. These four computers are currently the only ones that can access the CREST database, and they’re only accessible Monday through Friday from 9 Am to 4:30 PM. In other words, most people who aren’t full time researchers can’t use the database even if they’re within driving distance. By printing out and scanning the documents at CIA expense, I was able to begin making them freely available to the public and to give the Agency a financial incentive to simply put the database online. I’m pleased to say that these efforts have been a success, and the Agency is putting the database online.

CIA isn’t doing this out of the goodness of their hearts. Several FOIA requests have been filed for the database, including by the National Security Archive and MuckRock. MuckRock actually sued the Agency with the help of Kel McClanahan of National Security Counselors. The Agency said it would take 28 years to process the files. After some more legal pressure from Mr. McClanahan, the Agency reduced their estimate to six years. This was still too long, and so I began my effort. The hope was that the financial pressure, the negative press and making it not only a legal but a practical inevitability that these files would be put online would force the Agency to speed up their timetable. Thanks to the combined (but uncoordinated) efforts of myself and MuckRock, these files will soon be available.

However, there are some problems with the Agency’s statement about the matter. According to the Agency, the database will retain all of its features when put online. This is extremely unlikely, since the database is currently interfaced through proprietary software known as Laserfiche. This allows for many browsing and search parameters and sorting functions that the Agency’s website simply doesn’t. In many instances, the Agency’s website is simply broken (for instance, users are unable to even go to the second page of their online listing of CREST documents) and users are unable to properly browse the categories of documents already uploaded. It’s more likely that the Agency spokesman was unaware of this and only meant to refer to the text recognition that has been performed on the files. Otherwise, the Agency will have to design or buy an entirely new interface.

To combat this, I’m preparing to reindex and reupload the files in a proper format. While the CREST system at the National Archives has been out of toner for several weeks (CIA has been extremely and deliberately slow  in this regard), more toner is expected to arrive this week. This will allow me to retrieve copies of the indexes with the metadata. This will, in turn, be used to organize the files and upload them in a fully searchable format. Assuming the Agency doesn’t retain all of the search functions of the Laserfiche powered system and simply imports the files into their already broken interface, a new database will be built from the files. Several options are being considered in this regard and more than one organization has expressed interest in partnering over it.

What’s in it?

So what’s in the database? There are a little over 775,000 files that make up over 13,000,000 pages. Before the most recent update of files at the beginning of the year, the database was estimated to be about 840 gigabytes. Breaking these files down into categories, we get:

  • Secretary of State Henry Kissinger’s papers: 40,000 pages of newly declassified documents. The papers did not originate with CIA, but “contain many CIA equities.”
  • Directorate of Science and Technology R&D: 20,000 pages
  • Analytic intelligence publication files: Over 100,000 pages.
  • News archives: The Agency collected a lot of news stories about themselves and the subjects they were interested in. Their news archive, much of which is included in CREST, contains many
  • Office of the DCI Collection (ODCI): 28,550 documents/129,000 pages from the records of the first five Directors of Central Intelligence: Admiral Roscoe Hillenkoetter, General Walter “Bedell” Smith, Allen Dulles, John McCone, and Richard Helms. These records run from the beginning of CIA in 1947 through the late 1960s and include a wide variety of memos, letters, minutes of meetings, chronologies and related files from the Office of the DCI (ODCI) that document the high level workings of the CIA during its early years.
  • Directorate of Intelligence (DI) Central Intelligence Bulletins: 8,800 documents/123,000 pages from a collection of daily Central Intelligence Bulletins (CIB), National Intelligence Bulletins (NIB) and National Intelligence Dailies (NID) running from 1951 through 1979. The CIBs/NIBs were published six days a week (Monday through Saturday) and were all source compilations of articles and consisting initially of short Daily Briefs and longer Significant Intelligence Reports and Estimates on key events and tops of the day. The CIBs/ NIBs were circulated to high level policy-makers in the US Government.
  • General CIA Records: Records from the CIA’s archives that are 25 years old or older, including a wide variety of finished intelligence reports, field information reports, high-level Agency policy papers and memoranda, and other documents produced by the CIA.
  • STAR GATE: A 25-year Intelligence Community effort that used remote viewers who claimed to use clairvoyance, precognition, or telepathy to acquire and describe information about targets that were blocked from ordinary perception. The records include documentation of remote viewing sessions, training, internal memoranda, foreign assessments, and program reviews.
  • Consolidated Translations: Translated reports of foreign-language technical articles of intelligence interest, organized by author and each document covers a single subject.
  • Scientific Abstracts: Abstracts of foreign scientific and technical journal articles from around the world.
  • Ground Photo Caption Cards: Used to identify photographs in the NlMA ground photograph collection. Each caption card contains a serial number that corresponds to the identical serial number on a ground photograph. The master negatives of the ground photography collection have been accessioned separately to NARA. The caption cards provide descriptive information to help identify which master negatives researchers may wish to request.
  • National Intelligence Survey: National Intelligence Survey gazetteers.
  • NGA: Records from the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, primarily photographic intelligence reports.
  • Joint Publication Research Service: Provided translations of regional and topical issues in the late 1970s and early 1980s.
  • Office of Strategic Services files: Documents from the OSS, CIA’s World War II predecessor.

While these documents are older, they aren’t irrelevant. One of the CREST documents provided the smoking gun for my expose on an NSA Director sabotaging the NSA.

When will they come out?

The timeline on these files is a little bit sketchy at this point. It’s unlikely that the files will be online before the election. If the Agency is going to keep their word and put the database online, it’s likely that it’ll happen in the next few months. New files are usually added to CREST between January and March, depending on the speed of bureaucracy. It’s unlikely that they’ll add these files to the offline database just before migrating them and hundreds of thousands of other files to an online database.

Work on reconstructing the database with all of the metadata can begin as early as next week. Once the metadata has been and organized work on the database itself can begin. 23,500 CIA documents (340,000 pages) have already been obtained and can be added to the database ASAP. The details of the timeline, however, depend on both when the Agency puts the files online and when potential partners are ready to move forward.

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“DIRTY DONNA” Brazile even gets reamed by CNN

Donna Brazile Shared Additional Debate Questions With Clinton Campaign, Identified Her Tipster

Photo of Chuck Ross

Chuck Ross
Reporter
 

Donna Brazile, the interim chair of the Democratic National Committee, began providing town hall and debate questions to the Clinton campaign earlier than previously known, emails released by WikiLeaks on Monday show.

The email threads also show that Brazile, a former CNN contributor, revealed to the Clinton campaign the name of the person who provided her with a question that was asked of Clinton at a March 13 town hall co-hosted by CNN and TV One. Brazile also shared a question from a debate hosted by CNN a week earlier.

A March 12 email exchange shows Brazile stating that she received a town hall question from Roland Martin, a TV One host who co-moderated a March 13 town hall with CNN’s Jake Tapper.

A March 5 email shows that she shared a question with Clinton campaign chairman John Podesta and communications director Jennifer Palmieri that was to be asked in a March 6 debate hosted by CNN in Flint, Mich.

Hillary Clinton asked about Flint water crisis at March 6, 2016 CNN debate. (Youtube screen grab)

Hillary Clinton asked about Flint water crisis at March 6, 2016 CNN debate. (Youtube screen grab)

The emails were hacked from Podesta’s Gmail account.

Do You Think Donna Brazile Rigged The Town Hall Because She Thought Hillary Clinton Was Not Intelligent Enough To Answer Unprepared Questions?

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When part of the March 12 email was released earlier this month, Brazile initially vehemently denied that she shared a question with the campaign. “What a stretch,” is what she told The Daily Caller when asked about it. (RELATED: Donna Brazile Shared Town Hall Questions With Clinton Campaign)

She has since said that the email may have been doctored by Russian hackers. She also complained that she is being “persecuted” over the matter.

Brazile has recently stopped short of denying that she received the debate question and shared it with the Clinton campaign. But in an interview with PBS’s Tavis Smiley last week, she said that CNN did not provide her the question. Notably, she did not deny that Martin gave it to her. Martin has given waffling answers on whether he shared the question with Brazile. (RELATED: Donna Brazile Claims She’s Being ‘Persecuted’ Over Leaks To Clinton Campaign)

 

In the March 12 exchange, Brazile mentions Martin by name and offers to provide more than just the one town hall question that she is known to have shared with the campaign.

“I’ll send a few more. Though some questions Roland submitted,” Brazile wrote to Palmieri in the March 12 email thread, which is entitled “From time to time I get the questions in advance.”

The question she provided to Palmieri matched verbatim a question that an exonerated death row inmate asked Clinton the next night.

CNN and host Jake Tapper have strongly denied sharing that question or any other with Brazile or anyone else.

But an email released on Monday casts new doubt on the network’s claims that it never shares questions with outsiders.

On March 5, Brazile tipped the Clinton team off to a question that was to be asked the next day at a debate that was hosted by CNN’s Don Lemon and Anderson Cooper.

“One of the questions directed to HRC tomorrow is from a woman with a rash,” Brazile wrote to Podesta and Palmieri.

“Her family has lead poison and she will ask what, if anything, will Hillary do as president to help the ppl of Flint.”

screen-shot-2016-10-31-at-9-06-58-am

March 12 email from Donna Brazile (via WikiLeaks)

A transcript of the debate shows that a woman named Lee-Anne Walters did ask the question of both Clinton and Sanders.

“After my family, the city of Flint and the children in D.C. were poisoned by lead, will you make a personal promise to me right now that, as president, in your first 100 days in office, you will make it a requirement that all public water systems must remove all lead service lines throughout the entire United States, and notification made to the – the citizens that have said service lines,” the woman asked. (RELATED: Jake Tapper Says DNC Chair’s Town Hall Leak Is ‘Very, Very Troubling’)

Brazile, who claimed during the Democratic primaries that she was neutral, has defended herself during the email controversy by claiming that she was in regular communication with all Democratic candidates. But there has been no evidence produced so far that she shared debate and town hall questions with Sanders.

Neither Brazile nor the DNC returned requests for comment.

Update: CNN slammed Brazile in a statement while denying that the network leaked any information.

“CNN never gave Brazile access to any questions, prep material, attendee list, background information or meetings in advance of a town hall or debate,” Lauren Pratapas, a spokeswoman for the network, told TheDC.

“We are completely uncomfortable with what we have learned about her interactions with the Clinton campaign while she was a CNN contributor.”

She said that CNN accepted Brazile’s official resignation on Oct. 14. The longtime Democratic consultant’s deal was suspended in July when she became interim head of the DNC.

Questions still remain about how Brazile obtained the question in advance of the debate. TheDC is told that a CNN employee spotted Brazile talking with a Flint resident at a community event on March 5, the day before the debate. The woman allegedly mentioned to Brazile that she had a rash and that she and her children suffered from lead poisoning.

It is still unclear whether that woman was Lee-Anne Walters and how Brazile would have known that she would appear at the debate and be asked to pose a question to Clinton and Sanders.

Brazile commented on the scandal on Twitter. She also referred reporters to comments she made on Oct. 11, after her leak to the Clinton campaign was first revealed. She denied leaking questions to any candidate in that statement.

If you wanted to leak the killer Presidential campaign leak you would get Anthony Weiner to put them all on his computer

 

Clinton Foundation FBI Investigation Confirmed By Former Assistant FBI Director

Clinton Foundation FBI Investigation Confirmed By Former Assistant FBI Director (breitbart.com)

submitted 11 hours ago by GizaDog to news (+72|-0)

 

 

 

 

9
 

 

 

Huma Abedin has VOIDED her immunity deal with the FBI. This means she has to sing or face jail time.

Huma Abedin has VOIDED her immunity deal with the FBI. This means she has to sing or face jail time. (redstatewatcher.com)

 

submitted 1 day ago by Ex-Redditor to news (+186|-7)

 

GOOGLE’S CRIMINAL CONTROL OF NEWS AND MEDIA ON FULL DISPLAY IN EU INVESTIGATIONS

The Stakes Are Rising in Google’s Antitrust Fight With Europe

Photo

 
Margrethe Vestager, the European competition chief, has started investigations into Amazon, McDonald’s and Starbucks, but three cases against Google make up the most public — and longstanding — antitrust cases in the region. Credit Francois Lenoir/Reuters

Google is locked in a six-year battle with Europe’s antitrust officials. And the stakes for both sides are getting higher.

For Google, Europe’s lengthy effort to rein in how the search giant operates in the region represents a potential threat to the billions of dollars it earns annually from selling online advertising and other, often dominant, digital services across the Continent and beyond.

For Margrethe Vestager, the Danish politician turned European competition chief, the three cases against Google make up the most public — and longstanding — antitrust cases in the region. And they will very likely define Europe’s at times frosty relationship with Google and other American tech giants like Facebook, Amazon and Apple for years to come.

“For the European Commission, it’s a case of Russian roulette,” said Christian Bergqvist, an associate professor of competition law at the University of Copenhagen. “If they lose or merely settle the case, they will look weak. They have to be seen as doing something to stop Google.”

The latest twist in this episode is expected to begin on Thursday, when Google officially starts responding to European charges that it has hamstrung competitors and limited consumer choice.

The separate but closely linked rebuttals to European claims are expected to be submitted to competition authorities in Brussels in quick succession over the next few weeks.

How Europe Is Going After Apple, Google and Other U.S. Tech Giants

The biggest American tech companies face intensifying scrutiny by European regulators, with — pressure that could potentially curb their sizable profits in the region and affect how they operate around the world.

 

The cases relate to Android, Google’s mobile operating system, some of its dominant online search services and some of its advertising products.

While each response will be couched in legalese, Google’s main argument is that its business practices do not fall afoul of the region’s tough antitrust rules and that competitors can freely offer their own rival digital services to Europe’s more than 500 million consumers.

“Our search engine is designed to provide the most relevant results and most useful ads for any query,” Kent Walker, Google’s general counsel, wrote in a blog post when previously rebutting some of Europe’s antitrust charges. “Users and advertisers benefit when we do this well. So does Google.”

Not surprisingly, the company’s detractors — small European start-ups, some local politicians and American heavy hitters like Oracle — do not agree.

“Google has taken its best shot, but the European Commission has decided that it’s still on the right track,” said Thomas Vinje, a lawyer for FairSearch Europe, a group representing the Google rivals that have filed complaints against the company’s perceived dominance.

“I don’t doubt Google feels like it has a strong defense. But that’s what other previously dominant companies thought, too,” he added.

Whatever happens, Google’s battle in Europe will not end overnight.

European officials must first review the company’s rebuttals, and a final decision in any of the cases is not expected until midway through 2017, at the earliest.

Google’s Antitrust Battles

  • April 2015

    Europe’s antitrust officials accused Google of favoring some of its own search services linked to online shopping over those of rivals.

  • April 2016

    The region’s antitrust authorities filed charges against Android, claiming Google unfairly required cellphone makers to preinstall its services and offered manufacturers improper financial incentives to favor Google’s products.

  • July 2016

    Europe’s competition watchdog said Google had abused its dominant position when offering some of its online advertising tools as part of search services on third-party websites.

  • Google’s Response

    Google denies any wrongdoing in the cases. It says consumers can freely use alternative online search products, rivals are welcome to offer their own digital services that compete directly with those of Google and smartphone makers are not required to use its digital services as part of Android.

If found to have breached the region’s rules, Google faces fines totaling up to $7.5 billion, or 10 percent of its annual revenue, and may be forced to change how it operates in the 28-member bloc. While any antitrust fine is not expected to reach the maximum possible, the company is likely to appeal any European ruling, further lengthening the process.

Yet it is this death-by-a-thousand-cuts regulatory limbo that arguably represents the biggest headache for Google.

As it deals with the uncertainty over how it will be allowed to operate in Europe, still one of the company’s largest markets worldwide, the search giant is increasingly fighting a battle with other global technology behemoths over how people will use the internet in the future.

Consumers are shifting their online habits to mobile devices, and with that shift, Google’s dominant position in desktop online search (it holds, for example, roughly a 90 percent market share in Europe) is becoming less certain.

And as other rivals like Facebook and Amazon double down on next-generation technologies like virtual reality and artificial intelligence, Google’s regulatory woes in Europe represent an unwanted distraction — one that may eventually hamper its existing, highly lucrative, business model.

Google may face tougher competition in the smartphone world if Europe forces the company to open up Android to rivals, a possibility if the search giant loses its antitrust case in the region.

Further down the line, the company is still struggling to turn its vast array of so-called moonshots, like self-driving cars and internet-connected balloons, into viable stand-alone businesses.

Photo

 
Google’s offices in Dublin. Europe says the company has hamstrung competitors and limited consumer choice. Credit Paulo Nunes dos Santos for The New York Times

“No matter what happens, antitrust is part of the picture for Google for many more years,” said Ioannis Lianos, a professor of global competition law and public policy at University College London. “Even if Google wins, the fact that they are spending resources on this will affect their commercial thinking.”

The stakes are equally high for Ms. Vestager, who has started investigations into a number of American companies, including Amazon, McDonald’s and Starbucks. She also has opened cases against the likes of Gazprom, the Russian state-owned energy giant.

In August, she ordered Apple to repay $14.1 billion in back taxes to the Irish government, claiming the company benefited from unfair tax treatment offered to its Irish subsidiaries. Apple and the Irish government are appealing the decision.

The three Google cases, though, have taken on extra meaning for the European Commission, particularly as a previous settlement proposed by Joaquín Almunia, Ms. Vestager’s predecessor, was killed at the last minute during political wrangling among European officials.

The search giant has become a boogeyman for many in Europe. In part, that is because of Google’s dominance over many of the digital services — like online search and smartphones — that have become essential to people’s daily lives.

Google has tried to win over its local critics, including budgeting roughly $450 million from 2015 to 2017 for spending on cultural and other projects across the Continent. But the antitrust charges against the company have, for many, come to symbolize Europe’s last stand against the almost universal control by American tech giants over the region’s digital landscape.

“We would like to see results so we can show voters that something is being done,” said Ramon Tremosa, a Spanish member of the European Parliament and a Google critic. “At least a fine in the cases would show that there’s a bazooka in Europe that can be shot at companies like Google.”